If you want to cultivate watermelons then you must know how to grow watermelons. Compared to planting other fruits or vegetables, growing watermelons is not quite complicated.
But when compared to the cost, growing watermelons costs more. Even so, it doesn’t matter because watermelon itself is a fruit that has a lot of demand, is in demand in the market, and is delicious if the goal is to be consumed alone.
The large amount of costs required to grow watermelons still makes sense with the results. You can harvest several watermelons at once. Moreover, the harvest period of this fruit is not too long since planting.
How to Grow Watermelon
Those of you who are very interested in growing watermelons, can do it as soon as possible. In this article, you will grow watermelons from determining the planting medium to how to harvest them.
Determination of Planting Media
How to grow watermelon begins with determining the planting medium. You can plant watermelons in your yard, but you can also plant them in the garden that you have prepared beforehand. You can choose a land that is really wide, not too wide too.
Even so, most people found who cultivate watermelons do so in large gardens, which can reach a few hectares. Watermelon cultivation can be done directly on the ground or in polybags, nothing hydroponically.
This time we will discuss the determination of planting media directly on the land. Watch the steps one by one.
Loosening the Soil
From the selected land, make sure the soil is loose. Because watermelon seeds can only live and grow in such soil. But it doesn’t matter if it seems that the land you choose has not loose soil.
This method of loosening the soil can be done like when loosening the land in the fields, namely using a tractor or plow. For beginners this may be difficult, if true then you can seek help to do it.
There are fertilizer options that can be used for watermelon cultivation. You can choose between manure, compost, or bokashi. Also know how much fertilizer is the most appropriate.
According to theory, for watermelon cultivation it is best to give manure or compost as much as 10 or 20 tons per hectare.
No need to worry if it seems that your watermelon cultivation area is not up to 1000 square meters.
Because you can reconsider.
10 to 20 tons for 1000 square meters. For 100 square meters the fertilizer is 1 to 2 tons, while for 10 square meters only 100 to 200 kilograms is needed, and so on.
Sprinkling Agricultural Lime
This step applies if the soil on your plot is too acidic. Watermelon seeds need near neutral conditions to survive. Therefore, you must make the soil conditions in the field have a pH between 6 to 7.
Skip this method if the soil in your land already has that pH. But if not, you can make the soil closer to neutral by sprinkling agricultural lime. Agricultural limestone is commonly referred to as dolomite.
Spray Organic Stimulants
The final step to prepare the planting medium is to spray this chemical. Its function is to make the soil in your land continue to be loose until the watermelon is ready to be harvested.
Not only that, spraying organic stimulants also serves to kill pests in the soil. Pests that can cause watermelon plants to wilt easily, leaves have spots, rot quickly, and others can be avoided.
You must get watermelon seeds from plant stores, markets, online stores, or other sellers. It doesn’t matter where you get it from. Even every seller would say that the seeds they sell are super or high quality seeds.
If the seller doesn’t say so, then the packaging usually says that the seeds inside are quality seeds. Still can’t be blamed if it turns out that it contains seeds that are less than perfect.
It’s your job to get the perfect seed. The trick is to soak all the seeds you can for 4 to 5 hours in warm water. Select seeds that sink and discard those that float or float.
The next way to grow watermelons is to grow your own watermelon. This planting process will be divided into two. Because you have to make seeds into seeds and seeds into plants that are just waiting for the harvest.
Here is how to sow watermelon seeds or seeds to become seeds.
There is a trick you can do so that watermelon seeds will germinate quickly. The trick is to stretch the watermelon seeds and cut a little skin. Believe it or not, this method is successful in making it germinate quickly.
Soak the seeds
Once modified, you must then soak the watermelon seeds with other compounds. Prepare a bucket or container, warm water, bactericidal tea, anti -fungal drugs, and hormones.
The hormones selected can be atonic, menedael, or atornic. The way to get it is at the plant store.
In the container put warm water, half a teaspoon of bactericidal juice, one teaspoon of antifungal medicine, and one teaspoon of hormones. Then put all the seeds in it for 10 to 30 minutes.
Drain the seeds
Before planting, you must drain the seeds first. Although it may seem trivial but this step can affect the end result. You can drain it by squeezing it on a tissue or cloth.
Prepare the Polybag
Seeds or seeds will turn into seedlings in polybags. Therefore, first prepare a small polybag and fill it with manure. Remember, it is not a mixture but 100% manure.
Insert seeds 3 to 5 centimeters deep from the soil surface. After that, do regular watering twice a day.
After that, the seeds will continue to grow into seedlings. There is a time when the seedlings are ready to be transferred to the actual planting media. The best age for watermelon seedlings ready to be transplanted is 7 to 10 days. Here’s how.
Make a Hole
Make a hole first before transferring the seedlings in the polybag to this planting medium. The number of holes you make of course corresponds to the number of seedlings available.
Once the holes are formed, the final touch is to water. Not just water, it will be better if you mix water with new organic stimulants the mixture is watered in the hole.
Move the Seedlings
Seedlings are ready to be transplanted, be careful when doing so. Don’t let any of the roots be cut off because of the shovel.
Because a good watermelon planting is equivalent to the original roots of the previous polybag.
Following how to plant watermelon well and correctly is of course less if you are not correct in caring for it. This time we will also discuss how to care for watermelons both grown in the yard and in the plantation.
If Someone Dies
Every day you are advised to monitor one by one the existing watermelon plants. It is possible that while monitoring later you find one or more dead plants.
If it is true, then the thing you need to do is immediately turn the seedlings into seeds, just like the previous way.
After the seedlings turn into seeds, they are immediately transferred to the holes of the previous dead watermelon plants.
The purpose of doing this is so that the harvest period between one watermelon and another can be the same, or at least not much different.
On the other hand, if when there is a dead watermelon you do not immediately replace it, it can be difficult on your own when harvested later.
The process of watering watermelon plants is less affected by the weather, whether it is the rainy season or the dry season. The thing that affects the watering capacity is the condition of the watermelon itself.
In the beginning of planting alias during flowering should be watered once in three days. When the fruit begins to form, the intensity can be increased, it can be once a day.
However, when the fruit begins to form perfectly, you are advised to water it properly, that is, only once in three days. The purpose of reducing the intensity of watering is to maintain the sweetness of the fruit.
Weeds certainly interfere with the growth of watermelon. If while monitoring you find weeds, then immediately do weeding.
In watermelon cultivation, the terms normal fruit and abnormal fruit are found. Normal fruit is fruit that grows from the 14th leaf and above. While the abnormal fruit is the fruit that grows from the 13th leaf or below.
If there is abnormal fruit in your watermelon plant, then immediately remove and discard. Because, the fruit can interfere with the growth of the plant itself.
There are fertilization techniques in the way of planting watermelon that are quite different from fertilizing fruit or other crops. The fertilizer you need is liquid fertilizer, NPK fertilizer, and KNO3 fertilizer.
Solid fertilizers such as NPK and KNO3 fertilizers are mixed. This dense fertilizer is recommended to be given to watermelon plants once a week.
While liquid fruit fertilizer is given every two weeks. The way to give it is to spray it on the leaves.
It is not difficult to control pests on watermelon plants. Not at all complicated when compared to the process of pest control in other fruit or vegetable crops.
To avoid or eliminate pests you can use bactericidal and fungicide products. It is not difficult to find this product, it must be in the plant store.
How to use it you can see on the packaging or ask the seller. Because between fungicides or bactericides from each other sometimes different ways of using.
There are several indicators that you should memorize to understand when watermelon can be harvested. According to age indicators, the best watermelon harvest age is between the seventieth to the hundredth day.
But to be able to get a watermelon that is really fit to be harvested is to pay attention to the seedlings. If at that age the seedlings have dried, then the sign is ready to be harvested.
Watermelon harvesting should be done when the sun is hot or the weather is clear.
Can you already admit how to grow watermelon is not difficult? The harvest is fast, the method is not difficult, and can be done by beginners. Hopefully after following the method above, your watermelon was successfully harvested perfectly.